Not far from Villach are beautiful examples of mosaic floors in early Christian basilicas: Aquileia (early 4th century) and Teurnia (5th century). In early Christian and Byzantine art, the mosaic is flourishing. All wall surfaces, domes and vaults were adorned with representations. Famous are the Byzantine-style mosaics of Ravenna and Sicily. The mosaics were made using opaque glass pieces (smalt) and gold malt, which made the interior of the buildings shine in everlasting colors.
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